Wyoming, West Nebraska, and SW South Dakota Hay Report
TO_GR310
Torrington, WY    Thu Jun 14, 2018    USDA-WY Dept of Ag Market News

Wyoming Hay Summary - Week ending June 16, 2018

Not enough comparable sales for an adequate market test this week.  However, a higher undertone on new crop hay has prevailed.  Demand and buyer inquiries were good this week.  Many producers and buyers are having a hard time nailing down a fair market price for the first cutting of hay.  Production has been going well in the western areas of the state the last couple of weeks with quite a lot of small and large squares produced. Cooler than normal morning temperatures this week with a couple of days of a light frost reported from producers.  Tuesday morning lows hit 29 degrees in the Powell area of the state.  Producers don't think much crop damage will occur as hay fields look good and other crops are not showing any signs of distress. All prices are dollars per ton FOB the field or hay barn unless otherwise noted. Prices are from the most recent reported sales. 

Eastern Wyoming 
New Crop Alfalfa/Grass: Large Squares Premium 180.00; Good 140.00-150.00; Fair 130.00.  
Sun-cured alfalfa pellets 15 percent protein 235.00.  
   
Central and Western Wyoming
New Crop Alfalfa: Large Squares Premium 160.00; Good 125.00-135.00. 
Old Crop Alfalfa: Small Squares 200.00.
Certified weed seed free alfalfa cubes 230.00-260.00.

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Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more
         than 10% grass)

 Quality     ADF     NDF      *RFV     **TDN-100%   **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme      <27     <34       >185        >62         >55.9     >22
Premium    27-29   34-36    170-185    60.5-62     54.5-55.9   20-22
Good       29-32   36-40    150-170      58-60     52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair       32-35   40-44    130-150      56-58     50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility      >35     >44       <130        <56         <50.5     <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula.
   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100% dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 
90%).  Guidelines are to be used with visual appearance and intent of 
Sale (usage).
=====================================================================
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines

         Quality            Crude Protein Percent
          Premium             Over 13
          Good                   9-13
          Fair                   5-9
          Low                Under 5
  Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence 
hay price or value more than testing results.
=====================================================================
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
	 leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative 
         of a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of   
         damage.

Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in 
         Legumes and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium  
         stems and free of damage other than slight discoloration.
 
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in 
         Legumes or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This 
         Category could include hay discounted due to excessive 
         damage and heavy weed content or mold. Defects will be 
         identified in market reports when using this category.
=====================================================================

Source:  USDA WY Dept of Ag Market News Service, Torrington, WY
         Thomas Walthers, Market Reporter (308) 390-5399
         Website: www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/TO_GR310.txt
                  www.ams.usda.gov/lpsmarketnewspage
         Email: Thomas.walthers@ams.usda.gov 

1100m tlw